1. Facing the white death of Dementia How psychotherapeutic could assist patients and caregivers?
Conductors: Catherina Mela ,Greece
Dementia leads to progressive multiple losses on a level of memories, habits, social and family connections ,relationships, of the past way of living, The trauma of multiple losses appears to the patients and to their caregivers. Living together under such conditions underlines the importance of the treatment of multiple losses and the adaptation to the new needs of the “dementia life” which becomes absolutely demanding and tough, characterized by the constant frustration provoked by the loss of the personality of the lovely person and by his new needs. Mourning, grief, anxiety and despair emerge from such loss even by the patient per se who is gradually losing himself but mainly by his caregivers living with him under completely new demanding circumstances. Relationships turn to become extremely symbiotic, violent sometimes when recognition of persons and orientation are seriously damaged. In this presentation psychotherapeutic factors which could assist both patients and caregivers will be presented on a basis of psychoeducation and support. The analysis of the emotions of the “white death” of a beloved person during life will be presented and will be approached on a basis of the reparation of the “broken mirror”during the treatment of this disease.
2- Individual dynamic psychotherapy with experiential group psychotherapy
Samir Abolmagd, Egypt
This course aims to train psychiatrists and psychologists on individual dynamic psychotherapy ,in addition to practicing experimental growth oriented group psychotherapy. It consists of 50 hours of training in multiple sessions, conducted in 2 blocks, with one year internal each block is 5 sessions, each session is 5 hours. 3 hours to teach different schools of psychology to be applied in dynamic psychotherapy, and 2 hours of each session is experiential group psychotherapy aiming for personality growth to discuss and apply what had been taught in the individual psychotherapy for personal growth.
The basic concept of the group psychotherapy was here and now. The interaction between the attendees establishes therapeutic relationships and allows them to explore personality deficits and to discuss previous traumas with the initiation to change them in proper time.
S3 hours of Block one (25hours) was conducted of teaching Freudian Schools , with 2 hours of experiential group psychotherapy.
Some of the attendees started by being shy and unable to express their thoughts, or feelings then, they started to open up to other group members .
Individual and peer supervision were conducted after block one for 12 months to discuss difficulties, problems, boundaries with their patients and to discuss personal changes happening to the attendees.
One year after block one (25hours), block two (25hours) was conducted having the same experience with 3 hours of the theoretical part of self-psychology ,object relation , attachment theories of personality and 2 hours of experiential group psychotherapy.
Attendees benefited from studying individual dynamic psychotherapy and and it’s application to different psychiatric disorders as anxiety, depression, eating disorders, personality disorders, and the problem of drug addiction
After passing the 50 hours training and one year of individual and peer supervision ,attendees’ defenses were explained, past traumas were opened and tackled during the group, and the attendees started to know themselves in a better way. They started to sympathize with each other , understand the group rules, understand underlying sufferings, and to sympathize with the trauma they passed through ,this is reflected in their relation to their patients.
3- Application of mindfulness in fibromyalgia patients.
Alberto Amutio-Kareaga, Spain
Objective: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a multifaceted psychosomatic pain condition associated with psychiatric comorbidity such as depression, anxiety, emotional stress and coping problems. Negative cognitions and difficulties in emotional regulation can increase and amplify pain. The goal of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy of a second-generation mindfulness-based intervention (SG-MBI) known as Flow Meditation (Meditación-Fluir) on different variables (i.e., catastrophizing, coping strategies and emotional intelligence) related to emotion regulation and pain management in individuals with FMS.
Methods: Forty-four women diagnosed with fibromyalgia were randomly allocated to a 7-week Flow Meditation group intervention (intervention group; n =22) or waiting-list control group (n= 22). Measures were taken at three different times: pretest, posttest, and three-month follow up.
Results: Findings revealed significant improvements in pain catastrophizing (rumination, magnification, and helplessness), adaptive coping strategies (active versus passive) and emotional intelligence, which were maintained until the three-month follow-up assessment. Effect sizes range from moderate to high, most notably for the Rumination and Despair components of pain catastrophizing, and for emotional intelligence.
Conclusions Flow Meditation shows promise for alleviating negative distorted thinking and improving adaptive coping as part of pain management in female fibromyalgia patients.
4- Dreams icons theory during covid time. A psychosomatic perspective.
Domenico Mimmo Agresta,Italy
This study is focus on the application of the dream icons theory (Menarini, Agresta, Marra, Montefiori) is the group analytic group sessions to observe and find the most representative dream icons related with covid-19. The ICON is a sacred structure as it represents the creative dimension of the collective soul which expresses the sacred mystery of origins. The oneiric icon is a mental form – or a visual content of an image – which expresses pure metaphorical potential and, like the artistic icon, is an allegory which implies psychic realities hidden behind sensitive appearances. A peculiarity of the ICON is that it visually builds the object, or psychological theme, which it represents and of which it is the origin, since it possesses an identical nature and substance. Being a construction it has a symbolic symbolpoiethic value and hence a transformative dimension which is present here and now in the group, thanks to the constellation of associative content (Giovanni V.; Menarini R., 2004). The study focus on a data research that connect the covid-19 as a “new” icon present in the matrix and in the process of the group work.