There are a good number of couple therapy approaches. Few of
these have been subjected to the degree of empirical testing
necessary to be regarded as being evidence-based. We will explore
these approaches to know their theoretical background and
demonstrate some of their techniques. The approaches are:
1-Cognitive Behavioral Couple Therapy (CBCT) is one of the
well-known methods in couple therapy which is based on the
notion that thoughts influence behaviors and thoughts control
feelings and feelings control actions. Therapists try to identify how
couples think about problems and help them learn how to change
their modes of thinking.
2- Emotional Focused Therapy (EFTC) The model is based on
Attachment Theory and proposes that couple distress can be
understood in terms of ‘insecure’ attachment styles and difficulties
couples experience in understanding and responding to each
other’s attachment needs.
3-Integrative Behavioral Couple Therapy (IBCT) integrates the
goals of acceptance and change as positive outcomes for couples.
4- The Gottman Method of couples therapy was created by the duo
John and Julie Gottman. Aims to give couples specific problem-
solving skills that enhance the intimacy and friendship between
both partners. The client learns to manage the conflicts, rather than
trying to fix them.